In the United States, there are two primary types of trials: criminal trials and civil trials. When an individual is accused of committing a criminal offense, a criminal trial will usually follow. During a criminal trial, a defendant will be tried in a criminal court, and the state or the federal government will function as the prosecutor. As a result, the state will be responsible for presenting evidence that proves the defendant's guilt.
If convicted, he/she may be sentenced to imprisonment or execution, depending upon the severity of his/her offense. A civil trial involves a dispute between two individuals or two organizations. During a civil trial, the plaintiff will attempt to prove that the defendant has caused injury or damage to him/her or his/her property. If the defendant is found guilty of the offense, he/she will be required to pay the plaintiff damages. However, in a civil trial, imprisonment and execution are never plausible outcomes.