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Types of Sentences

What are Conditional Sentences?

What are Conditional Sentences?

 

A conditional sentence is a specific form of non-custodial punishment for a crime. Canada is the only jurisdiction that assigns its residents conditional sentences.

 

In Canada, conditional sentences developed and were first introduced in 1995, as a response to perceived over incarceration rates, which were especially bothersome among aboriginal populations in the country.

 

Most often, a conditional sentence is assigned for property crimes. Under Canadian law, a conditional sentence cannot be more than one year and 364 days. The average term of a conditional sentence is eight months. Furthermore, Canadian law dictates that a conditional sentence cannot be assigned if the offense for which the conviction was handed down can be punished by a minimum sentence of imprisonment.

 

A conditional sentence usually involves treatments for drug or alcohol abuse, curfews, and community service requirements. In the event the terms of the conditional sentence are violated, the remainder of the conditional sentence must be completed in prison.

 

The conditional sentencing program in the country is not without controversy. A conditional sentence that requires the individual to serve the sentence in a secure psychiatric hospital may be more severe, since a sentence in a hospital will not allow an individual to apply for early release. Other controversies surrounding a conditional sentence is that in Saskatchewan in 2008, almost 40 percent of criminals sentenced to house arrest under conditional sentences were sent to jail for violating the term of their conditional sentence. In addition, conditional sentences are sometimes granted conditional sentences for crimes of violence such as homicide or sexual assaults.

 

 

Important Facts About Life Sentence

Important Facts About Life Sentence

A life sentence results when the defendant in a criminal case is sentenced to life imprisonment. A life sentence is also known in some jurisdictions as life-long incarceration or being sentenced to life incarceration.
Under the legal system in the United States of America, a life sentence can only be assigned for serious felonies. Felonies that can result in an individual being sentenced to life imprisonment are murder, high treason, severe or violent cases of drug dealing, human trafficking, or cases of aggravated burglary or robbery that resulted in a death or great bodily harm.
Not every legal system around the world allows a sentence of life imprisonment. The first nation to abolish the opportunity for an individual to be sentenced to life in jail was Portugal, which abolished life sentenced through Penal Reform of Sampaio e Melo in 1884. 
Even under legal systems which provide for a suspect to be sentenced to life imprisonment, most jurisdictions provide the opportunities for individuals facing a life sentence to request parole after they have served certain periods of their life sentence. Being released from life imprisonment is usually dependent, or conditional, on previous and future behavior.
 
An individual facing who has been sentenced to life imprisonment may be given a life sentence with the possibility of parole, although especially heinous crimes may be eligible for life sentence without the possibility of parole.

Understanding Suspended Sentence

Understanding Suspended Sentence

A suspended sentence is the legal term for the process that occurs when a judge decides to delay a defendant’s having to serve a sentence for a crime which they have been convicted of and sentenced to serve. 
When a suspended sentence develops, a defendant is allowed to perform a period of probation. If during their probation the defendant does not perform another violation of the law, and manages to fulfill all of the conditions of the probation that were assigned when the judge suspended the sentence, the judge will typically throw out the original sentence.
Although they are closely related, there is a sharp difference between a suspended sentence and a deferred sentence. Specifically, a suspended sentence will stay on the defendant’s record, whereas a deferred sentence is likely to be cleared from the convict’s record after the probationary period has been satisfied. 
A deferred sentence will be removed from the public record if the conditions of the sentence are satisfied, whereas a suspended sentence will remain in the public record.
In the United States of America, a suspended sentence will often be given to first-time offenders who have committed minor crimes, with the prosecution also recommending that an offender be given a suspended sentence in exchange for entering a plea bargain.
Suspended sentences are often granted in order to mitigate the harshness of some criminal penalties.
A suspended sentence cannot be granted in federal courts, after they were removed by the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984.

Countries With Death Sentence

Countries With Death Sentence

The death sentence is also known by the formal name of capital punishment. A person who is sentenced to death faces execution after the judicial process determines that it is an appropriate punishment for an offense. When a person is facing the possibility of being sentenced to death, their case is known as a capital crime or capital offense.


 

As of 2010, 58 countries currently impose the death sentence on their citizens. Some of these countries are:


·         The People’s Republic of China (Mainland China),


·         The Republic of China (Taiwan)


·         Ecuador,


·         Egypt,


·         India,


·         Indonesia,


·         Iran,


·         Iraq,


·         Israel,


·         Japan,


·         Malaysia,


·         Mongolia,


·         North Korea,


·         Pakistan,


·         Russia,


·         Saudi Arabia,


·         Singapore,


·         South Korea,


·         Tonga,


·         And the United States of America.


 

Throughout history, individuals in almost all countries have had to face being sentenced to death. At the current time, however, there has been a general trend towards abolishing the death sentence. Amnesty International currently considers most countries around the world to be abolitionist, meaning they are in favor of abolishing the death sentence. 



Despite the fact that most countries are opposed to the death sentence, 60 percent of the entire population of the world lives in countries where they could be sentenced to death. This is because the death sentence is allowed in the four most populous countries of the world: The People’s Republic of China, India, The United States of America, and Indonesia.