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Function of Civil Litigation

Function of Civil Litigation

Civil litigation is an enormous field of law that seeks to settle disputes between two or more entities that seek compensatory damages or a specific performance. The primary characteristic associated with civil litigation is that cases in this particular field of law do not incorporate criminal sanctions. A legal professional who specializes in civil litigation is referred to as a "litigator". These litigators directly represent parties in hearings, trials, arbitration, and meditations. 

All forms of civil litigation aim to find a settlement or agreement between two opposing parties. Again, the settlements do not involve criminal punishments such as jail time, but instead, financial settlements or the guarantee of the delivery of a specific performance. A civil litigation case, although carried out and initiated by litigators is administered and overheard by administrative agencies, foreign tribunals, or federal, state, and local court systems.

As a result of the field's density, civil litigation encompasses a wide range of disputes. The field is so broad that, in essence, civil litigation is responsible for upholding the laws associated with personal agreements, relationships, and performances of private individuals and public companies. To elucidate on this statement, one can simply observe the several fields of civil litigation that litigators practice:

Contract disputes between landlords and tenants. Litigators uphold the ethical rules associated with the relationship and the specific contracts of the agreement.

Environmental Law

Products Liability


Medical Malpractice

Worker's Compensation

Education Law

Intellectual Property

Employment & Labor


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